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Caring For Your Skin Is Not An Optional Item On Your Daily List Of Things To Do.
Skin & Body
Daily and Weekly Skin Care Routine(part 3)Exfoliation
To support your daily skincare routine, it is also important for you
to take some extra care over the weekend to get your skin ready
for the week ahead. Although some experts recommend
exfoliation as a daily routine, I recommend that you do it once or
twice a week. This is quite sufficient for good skin health.
What is Exfoliation?
Exfoliation is the process of removing old, dead skin cells that remain on the outermost surface of your
skin. This is an important part of facial skin care and body treatment. Exfoliation, when done correctly,
leaves your skin looking and feeling fresh and smooth. Since the outer layer of dead cells is removed by this
process, creams, serums and moisturizers penetrate the skin better and have better effect when applied
When to Exfoliate?
It is not necessary to carry out exfoliation every day. This is necessary only when there is enough build-up
of dead cells over the skin surface to be detrimental to overall skin health/appearance. To know when to
exfoliate, here is a simple test you can use. Apply a piece of clear tape to your forehead and rub gently.
When you remove it and you see tiny pieces of flaky skin adhering to it, you need to exfoliate.
Exfoliation becomes even more important as you become older. As part of normal body processes, the skin
renews cells at the lower layer or dermis. These rise to the surface (epidermis), keratinizing as they
advance. These keratin-filled cells form a protective outermost layer of skin. In time, they slough off and
allow new cells to take their place and the cycle goes on.
However, as we age (near age of 40 and above), the process of cell regeneration and replacement slows
down dramatically. As a result of uneven sloughing off and replacement with new cells, the skin loses its
glow and becomes rough. Exfoliation is very essential in such conditions to remove the dead cells that
remain on the epidermis so that new cells can take their place.
Exfoliation is a very effective solution to many skin problems, especially those arising from or aggravated
by closed pores. Checking periodically if this process is necessary and doing it as soon as the right signs
appear helps keep your skin in great condition.
How to Exfoliate?
There are four ways in which you can exfoliate the dead skin cells: Granular, Cream, Enzyme and Chemical.
Granular exfoliation is best to use on young teenage skins with no acne. Usually fine peach pits are in the
exfoliation and this helps to remove any dead skin cells. Use a wet sponge to remove the scrub from your
Cream exfoliation is best to use on mature skins (women between 40-50 years). It looks like cream and is
applied in a thin layer and left to dry. No steam is used during this. Once it’s dry, you can rub it off with dry
Enzyme exfoliation is usually used with a steamer and it works well on older skin types and acne skins. It is
also a cream that you apply. The steamer then activates the enzymes to work on your skin. Remove it with
Chemical exfoliation is used to remove any spots, blemishes and acne scars from the face. Both enzyme
and chemical exfoliation are done at spas, skin care studios or at medical skin care centers where
experienced professionals oversee the process.
Microdermabrasion is also a commonly used facial exfoliation method. There are options here as well and
you can choose between crystal microdermabrasion and diamond tip microdermabrasion. However, this is
a far more aggressive treatment involving the use of special machinery.