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BEGINNER'S ULTIMATE GUIDE TO PHOTOGRAPHY!
Whether you're starting photography at college, or are just interested in taking it up as a hobby, here's the basics on the equipment you'll need and the basics you need to know.
1. A camera. If you're planning on just dabbling with photography till you decide if you're really interested, any camera will do. However, if you're serious about photography or plan on doing it at college, you'll probably need a decent quality one. A DSLR is a good option for beginners as they are relatively easy to use and get the hang of, yet take great photos also!
*If you're just trying out photography to see if you like it, I wouldn't recommend purchasing any of the following items till you're sure you want to continue
2. A lens (or two!) When buying a DSLR, you always get a standard lens with it. (Sometimes you may even get a spare, but this'll cost more). If and what other lens you buy depends on what you're photographing. If you're not serious about photography, don't bother with another lens. If you're studying at college, they'll have spare lenses you'll be able to borrow.
As a general rule, lenses that zoom in more are good for portrait photography to reduce negative space, and lens that zoom out more a good for landscapes to fit more in.
3. A tripod. These can be picked up pretty cheap and help get a crystal clear shot as they reduce camera shake. When shooting in slow shutter speeds, a tripod is essential.
4. Lens filters. There's loads of different lens filters for different effects. Check the next page for a cheat sheet on some of the most common lens filters.
5. Software. A high quality photo editing programme like Photoshop is essential for photographers.
6. If you're serious about photography, it may be worthwhile to purchase a new moniter. Look on google for the best options.
Save this and zoom in to view properly!
Now you've got the basic equipment, it's time to learn the basic skills.
Aperture, shutter speed, and ISO are all factors that will completely alter your photo.
Aperture is pretty much the hole in the lens. It determines how much light comes in, so affects the exposure. A wide aperture opening (eg. f1.8) will give a shallow depth of field (blurry background) an a narrower opening will give a deep depth of field (everything in focus).
Shutter speed can also affect exposure as it determines how long the shutter is open, therefore for how long light gets in. It also affects motion in pictures - imagine a man running. Shooting this with a fast shutter speed would show him frozen. Shooting with a slow shutter speed would show him in motion (behind him would 'trail off')
ISO is how sensitive your camera is to light. The lower the ISO number, the less sensitive it is to the light, while a higher ISO number increases the sensitivity of your camera.
Here's a cheat sheet on aperture, shutter speed and ISO. It also shows camera modes and white balance.
There are no set in stone rules in photography, more guidelines. These should help you get started with composition.
Handy portrait photography cropping guide.
There's the basics for photography. Remember, you should find it enjoyable and fun so don't panic if things aren't going great. There's tons of sites on the internet that give great advice on taking better photos and fixing common problems. Experimentation is key!
I'm not a professional but I've studied photography at college for 2 years so can answer basic questions if you have any - feel free to leave them in the comments :)
Thanks for reading! If you enjoyed, please like and share. Followers & friend requests are always welcome! :)